Later, at Position 2, when Wendy establishes an inside overlap, Larry retains right of way (Rule 11) and Wendy must continue to give him mark-room (Rule 18.2(c)(1)). Larry’s advantage under the rules gets even stronger because Wendy must now also give him room to sail his proper course (Rule 18.2(c)(2)). Wendy could avoid breaking five rules by luffing up and passing the mark on the wrong side. But she doesn’t. As she nears the mark, it becomes clear that she will not keep clear of Larry, give him mark-room, or give him room to sail his proper course. At that moment, Rule 14 begins to apply to Larry (see Rule 14(a)). It requires him to act to avoid contact with Wendy if is reasonably possible to do so. It would be easy to do so—all he needs to do is hold the course he has been sailing since Position 1. If he does, there will be no contact. Instead, a bit overconfident because so many rules give him rights, Larry luffs rapidly close in front of Wendy and they collide, causing damage to both boats. Larry protests Wendy.
The protest committee throws the book at Wendy. She is disqualified for breaking Rules 11, 14, 18.2(b), 18.2(c)(1), and 18.2(c)(2). The committee decides Larry’s luff was so rapid that he didn’t give Wendy room to keep clear, and in doing so, he broke Rule 16.1. Not to worry, he’s exonerated for that breach under Rule 21(a), but no rule exonerates Larry for breaking Rule 14, so in the end, he’s disqualified, too. Wendy broke five rules and Larry broke just one, but both boats end up with a DSQ. Under U.S. law, both boats were at fault, and each will likely be responsible for 50 percent of the cost of repairs to the boats (see US Prescription 67(c)).