Another exploration of sailing thinking with Racer Rob and the Doc. "Strategy" from our November/December 2011 issue.
ROB: So how do you make this stuff “functional” then?
Doc: That is where all this “let’s get back to basics” stuff comes from. Sport psychologists use all sorts of approaches to help people regain their focus on what’s important and get control of the anxiety responses. You see, it’s not about not feeling anxious—that’s just a normal human response. It’s about building reliable and functional responses to that anxiety. The key is being able to redirect your attention to the simple and clear focal points that deliver performance. If you have access to strong and accessible focal points, then the model starts to go in reverse—good focal points lead to increased certainty, which leads to an increasing sense of control and to calm and harnessed energy. Focus leads to certainty which leads to control which leads to calm energy.
ROB: Yeah, yeah, blah, blah. That all sounds really cool. But what does that look like in practice?
Doc: Sue, what do you reckon are thinking skills that sit at the core of good performance?
SUE: Well, my junior-sailing coach was always hammering on about concentration. I can still hear her yelling through the bullhorn, “Concentrate! Can’t you kids stay focused for more than ten seconds?”
ROB: She sounds like some coach.
SUE: Well, I have deleted the expletives.
Doc: I think she’s right though. Concentration is one of the two key thinking processes for sailing, but concentration on what? Concentration necessarily has to be directed at something. When you are trying to win yacht races, what is the most important thing you need to concentrate on?
ROB: Speed. You just have to go fast.
Doc: . . . and that is usually the first thing to go out the window when sailors get anxious. The hyper-vigilance means they start looking around at everything except the basics of what makes a boat go fast—steering well, trimming well, and using your body weight to maximum effect. The basics.
SUE: [looking directly at Rob] Common sense, really.
ROB: [ignoring Sue] So if we’re talking basics, and you said there were two of them, what’s the other one?
Doc: Anticip... [Sue and Rob rock forward in their seats, Doc smiles] ... pation. The hyper-vigilance that anxiety produces seems get our attention focused tightly on the here-and-now, or, too often, on the recent past.
Sue: [mumbling] … Hallelujah to that!
Doc: The key to rebuilding a decent performance in a race that is not going well is to start looking for what will happen next. It is that simple focal attention shift that expands the time we have to make good decisions.
ROB: Hold it. You’re being simplistic again. All you’ve managed to say is that when things turn to custard, “concentrate on speed and start looking up the course.” If it were that easy, we’d all do it. Where’s the rocket science?
Doc: So did you concentrate and anticipate in the race?
SUE: [reapplying the head lock] Thanks, Doc. I think he’s got the message—or might eventually.